Many Christian groups practice baptism as a part of their religious and spiritual traditions. In what appears to be a simple practice actually has many different variants among Christian religions. Here are some of the traditions of the some of the major denominations of Christianity.
“Believer’s baptism” is a religion which promotes adult baptism, accepting Jesus Christ as his or her Savior through the traditional baptismal process as an act of adult choice, thereby solidifying one’s commitment Jesus Christ by one’s own free will.
To Baptists, the act of baptism in water in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit is central to this religion. The act of baptism is meant to represent the washing off of the old life and an initiation into a new life walking with Jesus Christ.
Churches of Christ
The Churches of Christ practice full-body immersion, meant to symbolize death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus. Only adult baptism is practiced by Churches of Christ.
Baptism is a central component of the Roman Catholic religion. They base their belief in baptism on this quote by John: “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter into the Kingdom of God.” Catholics are baptized in water either through immersion, submersion, or affusion, in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
Jehovah’s Witnesses believe in complete immersion when it comes to baptism, and should only be done when an individual is old enough to understand its significance. Candidates must express their desire to baptized, and it is up to church elders to determine if the person is suitable. They are expected to fully understand what is expected of members of the church, as well as demonstrate sincere dedication to the church in order to be considered suitable for a baptism.
According to the LDS Church, the main purpose of baptism is to remit the sins of the church member. They practice full immersion and is considered a very precisely-executed ritual. However, before one can be baptized into this faith, they must demonstrate faith and repentance.